About Dry Eye in Las Vegas
Dry eye is a common condition in which the eyes are insufficiently lubricated, triggering itching, redness, and pain. Eyes become dry and irritated because the tear ducts are not producing a sufficient number of tears, or because the tears are chemically imbalanced. Natural tears require a particular chemical balance to lubricate the eyes efficiently.
Siems LASIK & Eye Center is here to alleviate the symptoms of dry eye in Las Vegas NV. Left untreated, they have the potential to damage vision. We can diagnose after a thorough examination, and a Schirmer tear test to evaluate tear production.
Causes of Dry Eye
People usually begin experiencing dry eye symptoms as they age, as they are more common in people over 50. However, they can also stem from certain medications, medical conditions, or injuries. Women tend to be more affected because of the hormonal changes during pregnancy and menopause, plus oral contraceptives can affect tear consistency. Other causes include:
- Antihistamines, Decongestants and Blood-Pressure Medications
- Rheumatoid Arthritis, Diabetes, Sjögren’s Syndrome and Thyroid Disease
- Environmental Conditions such as Smoke, Wind or Excessive Sun
- Long-Term Contact Lens Use
- Eye Injury
- Eye or Eyelid Surgery
- Inflammation of the eye (conjunctivitis or keratitis)
Any of these factors, either alone or in combination, can affect tear frequency.
The Symptoms of Dry Eyes
This condition can damage eye tissues, leaving tiny abrasions on the surface that can impair vision. There are, however, many treatments for relieving symptoms, restoring ocular health, and protecting vision. The symptoms are typically in both eyes, and include the following:
Dry Eye Treatment Details
Treatment depends on cause and severity, as well as the patient’s overall health and personal preference. Nonsurgical treatments are often effective and entail the methods below:
In many cases, simple lifestyle changes can alleviate symptoms. Ask us about dry eye drops as well.
If less invasive methods are unsuccessful, surgical treatments like these may be an option:
• Insertion of Punctual Plugs to Limit Tear Drainage
• Punctual Cautery to Permanently Close the Drainage Holes
• Treatment of an Underlying Disease
If an eyelid condition is causing dry eye, we may recommend eyelid surgery. The important thing is to get in touch for treatment as soon as possible. Leaving the problem alone brings pain and other complications, like corneal ulcers/scars or vision loss.
On Preventing Dry Eyes
There are steps that can be taken to prevent these symptoms. You can reduce their frequency and severity with simple lifestyle modifications:
• Wearing Protective Glasses on Windy Days
• Giving the Eyes a Break During Reading or Other Tasks that Require Intense Focus